Samba is mainly known for it's file server properties, but it can also be used to add Linux machines to a domain. Samba can also be used to create domains, just like Active Directory Domain Services in Windows.
"Samba can be found on Debian installation DVD 1."
We install Samba from package manager:
aptitude install samba
apt-get install samba
Samba's configuration file can be found under the path:
Open the samba configuration file
Public share (anonymous login):
To the end of the file:
[share_name] comment = comment writable = yes (if you want to save something in this share) if you want to allow everybody to save in this share then remember you must give privileges (chmod 0777) path = /path/to/share/ public = yes
security = user
This share demands a Unix user to log in. Remove the number sign (#) from the start of the line:
security = user
Add this to the end of the file:
[jaon_nimi] path = /path/to/share/ browseable = yes writeable = yes valid users = user admin users = administrator
Save the file and close it.
Create a Samba login for your Unix user (must be the same username and we recommend using the same password).
smbpasswd -a username
Define ownership rights for the directory in question
chown -hR username /path
And restart the samba service
service samba restart
Test Samba's configurations:
Define who has the privileges to read, write or modify the files in a network share. Also remember to define proper usage privileges for the filesystem.
|admin users||(usernames)||Root users||Not defined|
|valid users||(usernames)||Users which can connect to the share||Not defined|
|invalid users||(usernames)||Users which can't connect to the share||Not defined|
|read list||(usernames)||Users which only have read privileges, even if the share is writable||Not defined|
|write list||(usernames)||Users with write privileges||Not defined|
|max connections||amount||Highest amount of simultaneous connections to share||0|
|guest only (only guest)||yes/no||If yes, then only guest can access share||no|
|guest account||username||Define who is "guest"||nobody|
Example: For the user sara, matti and jussi privileges for a network share. The admin privilege belongs to antti.
[share] path = /home/share comment = Networkshare writable = yes valid users = sara antti jussi admin users = antti
Example: Only read privileges, but write privileges for matti and sara.
[sales] path = /home/share comment = Networkshare read only = yes write list = matti sara
Example: For guests
[share] path = /home/share comment = Networkshare writable = yes guest ok = yes guest account = ftp guest only = yes
Connecting to domain using samba
There is a separate guide on our wiki which discusses this: Linux AD connection